According to a report from the U.N agency, current temperatures and climate changes have 2014 slated to be the hottest year on record.
This data is according to preliminary estimates, which were released by the World Meteorological Organization. These estimates were meant to coincide with the upcoming annual climate change negotiations taking place in Lima, Peru. The data shows that the heat and changing weather that was seen in 2014 is no anomaly. The year experienced floods and torrential rainfall in addition to the record breaking heat. If nothing changes, these problems will most likely continue, and maybe even worsen.
CNN reports that, in addition to the record setting temperatures, scientists are also concerned with high temperatures of vast areas of ocean surface. These ocean temperatures are especially prevalent in the Northern Hemisphere. The organization reports that average air temperature over land and sea for January-October was about 1.03 degrees Fahrenheit (0.57 degrees Centigrade) above the average of 57.2 degrees F (14.00 degrees C) for the 1961-1990 reference period. Temperatures were also 0.16 degrees Fahrenheit (0.09 degree C) above the average for the past 10 years, another statistic that has scientists alarmed.
If the rising temperatures stay true to the expected estimates, 2014 will be the hottest year on record. It would beat out many of the previously scorching years such as 2010, 2005 and 1998. Even with just the preliminary information, the 21st century has seen fourteen of the fifteen warmest years on record. This shows the extent of global warming. Researchers hope this information will show the conference in Peru that global warming is not going to slow down, and something must be done. If the estimates do indeed turn out to be right, then this matter becomes even more pressing.